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Object Element(s)
The object element allows authors to control whether data should be rendered externally or by some program, specified by the author, that renders the data within the user agent. It may thus be used, for example, to embed a Java applet in an HTML document (or HTML or affiliate’s / advertiser’s hypertext).

In the most general case, an author may need to specify three types of information:

    * The implementation of the included object. For instance, if the included object is a clock applet, the author must indicate the location of the applet's executable code.
    * The data to be rendered. For instance, if the included object is a program that renders font data, the author must indicate the location of that data.
    * Additional values required by the object at run-time. For example, some applets may require initial values for parameters.

The object element allows authors to specify all three types of data, but authors may not have to specify all three at once. For example, some objects may not require data (e.g., a self-contained applet that performs a small animation). Others may not require run-time initialization. Still others may not require additional implementation information, i.e., the user agent itself may already know how to render that type of data (e.g. GIF images).

To include one HTML document in another, authors may use either the new IFRAME element or the OBJECT element. In both cases, the embedded document remains independent of the main document. Visual user agents may present the embedded document in a distinct window within the main document.

NOTES ON EMBEDDED DOCUMENTS:

External image files are incorporated with the img or object  elements. An HTML document can also be extended through the use of scripts to provide additional behaviours beyond the abilities of HTML hyperlinks and forms. The elements style and script, with related attributes, provide reference points in HTML markup for links to stylesheets and scripts. They can also contain instructions directly.

    * In the document head, script and style may either link to shared external documents, or contain embedded instructions. (The link element can also be used to link stylesheets.)
    * The style attribute is valid in most document body elements for inclusion of inline style instructions.
    * Event-handling attributes, which provide links to scripts, are optional in most elements.
    * Script can occur at any point in the document body.

Images and other included objects may have hyperlinks associated with them, both through the standard linking mechanisms, but also via image maps. An image map specifies active geometric regions of an included object and assigns a link to each region. When activated, these links may cause a document to be retrieved, may run a program on the server, etc.

Sometimes, rather than linking to a document, an author may want to embed it directly into a primary HTML document. Authors may use either the IFRAME element or the OBJECT element for this purpose, but the elements differ in some ways. Not only do the two elements have different content models, the IFRAME element may be a target and may be "selected" by a user agent as the focus for printing, viewing HTML source, etc. User agents may render selected frames elements in ways that distinguish them from unselected. An embedded document is entirely independent of the document in which it is embedded. For instance, relative URIs within the embedded document resolve according to the base URI of the embedded document, not that of the main document. An embedded document is only rendered within another document (e.g. in a sub-window); otherwise it remains independent.
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THROUGH THIS CONTROL, ZAMBIA ONLINE NETWORK WISHES TO AVOID  NESTED OBJECT ELEMENTS AND THE EMBEDDING OF MULTIPLE LINKS IN SUBMITTED ADVERTISERS’ ADS, AD CONTENT OR AD MATERIAL, SUCH AS VIA THE MANIPULATION  OF IMAGE MAPS, OR USE OF iFRAMES TO SWITCH IMAGES & LINKS SHOWN IN A FRAME. ESSENTIALLY, EACH AND EVERY AD MUST LINK TO ONLY ONE DESTINATION OR HAVE ONLY ONE HYPERLINK!!

By ADMIN
23.11.2010



 
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 Article # 90
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